Boston Sports Medicine and Performance Group, LLC Blog

Leaders as Decision Architects

Posted by Boston Sports Medicine and Performance Group on Thu, Apr 30, 2015 @ 07:04 AM


Join the Leaders in Sports Medicine and Performance Management at the 2015 CATAPULT Performance Directors Meeting - Fenway Park - Sunday May 17th


Performance Directors Meeting




Article originally appeared on

by John Beshears and Francesca Gino


All employees, from CEOs to frontline workers, commit preventable mistakes: We underestimate how long it will take to finish a task, overlook or ignore information that reveals a flaw in our planning, or fail to take advantage of company benefits that are in our best interests. It’s extraordinarily difficult to rewire the human brain to undo the patterns that lead to such mistakes. But there is another approach: Alter the environment in which decisions are made so that people are more likely to make choices that lead to good outcomes.

Leaders can do this by acting as architects. Drawing on our extensive research in the consulting, software, entertainment, health care, pharmaceutical, manufacturing, banking, retail, and food industries and on the basic principles of behavioral economics, we have developed an approach for structuring work to encourage good decision making.

Our approach consists of five basic steps: (1) Understand the systematic errors in decision making that can occur, (2) determine whether behavioral issues are at the heart of the poor decisions in question, (3) pinpoint the specific underlying causes, (4) redesign the decision-making context to mitigate the negative impacts of biases and inadequate motivation, and (5) rigorously test the solution. This process can be applied to a wide range of problems, from high employee turnover to missed deadlines to poor strategic decisions.

Understand How Decisions Are Made

For decades, behavioral decision researchers and psychologists have suggested that human beings have two modes of processing information and making decisions. The first, System 1 thinking, is automatic, instinctive, and emotional. It relies on mental shortcuts that generate intuitive answers to problems as they arise. The second, System 2, is slow, logical, and deliberate. (Daniel Kahneman, winner of the Nobel prize in economics, popularized this terminology in his book Thinking, Fast and Slow.


Each of the two modes of thinking has distinct advantages and disadvantages. In many cases, System 1 takes in information and reaches correct conclusions nearly effortlessly using intuition and rules of thumb. Of course, these shortcuts can lead us astray. So we rely on our methodical System 2 thinking to tell us when our intuition is wrong or our emotions have clouded our judgment, and to correct poor snap judgments. All too often, though, we allow our intuitions or emotions to go unchecked by analysis and deliberation, resulting in poor decisions. (For a look at how both modes of thinking can cause problems, see “Outsmart Your Own Biases.”)

Overreliance on System 1 thinking has another negative effect: It leads to poor follow-through on plans, despite people’s best intentions and genuine desire to achieve their goals. That’s because System 1 tends to focus on concrete, immediate payoffs, distracting us from the abstract, long-term consequences of our decisions. For instance, employees know they should save for retirement, yet they rarely get around to signing up for their 401(k) plans. (A survey conducted in 2014 by TIAA-CREF found that Americans devote more time to choosing a TV or the location for a birthday dinner than to setting up a retirement account.)

We do not mean to suggest that System 1 should be entirely suppressed in order to promote sound decisions. The intuitive reactions of System 1 serve as important inputs in the decision-making process. For example, if an investment opportunity triggers a fearful emotional response, the decision maker should carefully consider whether the investment is too risky. Using System 2, the emotional response should be weighed against other factors that may be underappreciated by System 1—such as the long-term strategic value of the investment.

Engaging System 2 requires exerting cognitive effort, which is a scarce resource; there’s simply not enough of it to govern all the decisions we’re called on to make. As the cognitive energy needed to exercise System 2 is depleted, problems of bias and inadequate motivation may arise.


Continue reading this article by clicking HERE. 



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Topics: BSMPG Summer Seminar, Catapult

Five More Reasons to Attend BSMPG Summer Seminar - May 15-16

Posted by Boston Sports Medicine and Performance Group on Wed, Apr 29, 2015 @ 07:04 AM



(like you really need more….)


5.  Continuing Education Units: Earn continuing educations units for Athletic Trainers, Strength and Conditioning specialists through the NSCA and Athletic Therapists through the Canadian Athletic Therapists Association.  Have multiple certifications? Nothing like killing two birds with one stone and getting them both with us! (No birds were hurt in the making of this blog)


     athletic training   NSCA CEU    Approved Course


4. Sports Science:  Do you come from the land down under? Where women roll and men thunder?

Ok, probably not but Sam Coad, Performance Director at the University of Michigan does!  Learn from the former the Brisbane Lions Australian Rules Football club sports scientist as he discusses elite athlete monitoring systems.  Want more science? No problem –Roman Fomin holds a PhD in physiology and is regarded as one of the foremost experts in physiological monitoring, technologies and methods.




3. The Whiz Kid is back! When the title of your talk is, “Neuroimmune Plasicity: The Substrate of Performance” you know you are going to get a world class performance!  Eric Oetter returns for another year of lecture and lab demonstrations.  Trust us – this will be a lecture you don’t want to miss!


Eric Oetter



2. Meet and learn from the lead Nutritionist for the Canadian Men’s National Basketball Team – Dr. Marc Bubbs, author of Paleo Project.  Remember – your gut is your brain!


            Marc Bubbsbook.bubbs



1. Practical Session with Sam Gibbs: “Global Treatment Approach of the Shoulder”

Enter into the world of Osteopathic medicine with the lead therapist for Canada Basketball. Let's just say it's going to be AWESOME eh!


    Sam Gibbs  bsmpg


Topics: BSMPG Summer Seminar

Top Ten Reasons To Attend BSMPG - May 15-16, 2015

Posted by Boston Sports Medicine and Performance Group on Mon, Apr 27, 2015 @ 07:04 AM

top ten


10. Unleash your inner GEEK: Where else can you find speakers from other seminars in attendance to learn? Join the leaders in the sports medicine, rehabilitation, and sport performance training for two days of complete and utter knowledge BOMBS!  If you’re lucky you might just run into these leaders….


                  BILLHARTMAN  CRESSEY


9. Free Lunch:  Seriously, how many other seminars “cater” to your need to network during breaks?  We know you come for the information but we also understand that knowledge can be found from other attendees as well. Enjoy lunch on us May 15th along with plenty of coffee and snacks throughout the weekend.  Did we mention an epic social event at the conclusion of the first day? Oh we didn't? Hmmm, I guess you'll just have to wait to find out!


8. Complete Medical and Performance Integration: Join the Canadian Senior Men’s National Basketball team for a complete discussion and look behind the curtain as they rush the podium at the 2016 and 2020 Olympic games!


Canada hoops


7. Boston: Seriously, do we need to say more? Arrive a day early, or stay through Sunday and experience all that Boston offers including a Fenway Park tour, Duck Boats and great clam CHOWDA!




6. Once In A Lifetime Speaker Opportunities: Let’s be honest. You’ll never see a number of our speakers ever again.



Forever, ever? (you get the point)

Meet international experts Al Smith and Vincent Walsh as they travel across the pond to deliver two keynote presentations.


vincent walsh

5. Free Stuff: All attendees will receive a swag bag full of goodies and sample products upon arriving.  In addition, attendees who are present during our raffles will have a chance to receive gifts from our sponsors including PERFORM BETTER and MOVEMENT LECTURES.COM.


 perform better


4.  Detailed Breakout Sessions: In addition to our amazing keynote presentations, our seminar features detailed breakout sessions each afternoon.  Learn from these experts in small group settings and immediately improve your practice and coaching on Monday morning!  Be ready for the #BOOM during James Anderson’s breakout! You’ve been warned! #droppingknowledgebombs #boom



3. Sam Gibbs, Allen Gruver, and Mike Davis: We know that you’ve probably never heard of these guys but we guarantee that you’ll never forget them after this year.  These three guys are absolute musculoskeletal rehab ninjas!


mike davis 


2.  Performance Coaches From The Highest Level of Sport: Learn from Matt Jordan - Director of Strength and Conditioning for the Canadian Sport Institute, Charlie Weingroff – Lead Performance Director for Canada Basketball, Roman Fomin – Omegawave, Sam Coad – Performance Manager – University of Michigan, and Andy O’Brien – Performance coach to elite NHL athletes, to name a few.


       MattJordan2 sam coad


1. The Man Himself: Dr. Robert Sapolsky – May 15th, 8:00 am. See you then!


                        SAPOLSKY  why zebras dont get ulcers big




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Topics: Charlie Weingroff, Robert Sapolsky, BSMPG Summer Seminar, Al Smith, Andy O'Brien

Developing Your Growth Mindset at BSMPG

Posted by Boston Sports Medicine and Performance Group on Wed, Mar 11, 2015 @ 07:03 AM


Article originally published on:


Carol Dweck studies human motivation. She spends her days diving into why people succeed (or don’t) and what’s within our control to foster success.

As she describes it: “My work bridges developmental psychology, social psychology, and personality psychology, and examines the self-conceptions (or mindsets) people use to structure the self and guide their behavior. My research looks at the origins of these mindsets, their role in motivation and self-regulation, and their impact on achievement and interpersonal processes.”

Her inquiry into our beliefs is synthesized in Mindset: The New Psychology of Success. The book takes us on a journey into how our conscious and unconscious thoughts affect us and how something as simple as wording can have a powerful impact on our ability to improve.

Dweck’s work shows the power of our most basic beliefs. Whether conscious or subconscious, they strongly “affect what we want and whether we succeed in getting it.” Much of what we think we understand of our personality comes from our “mindset.” This both propels us and prevents us from fulfilling our potential.

In Mindset: The New Psychology of Success, Dweck writes:

What are the consequences of thinking that your intelligence or personality is something you can develop, as opposed to something that is a fixed, deep-seated trait?

The Two Mindsets

Carol Dweck Two Mindsets

Your view of yourself can determine everything. If you believe that your qualities are unchangeable — the fixed mindset — you will want to prove yourself over and over.

In Mindset, Dweck writes:

If you have only a certain amount of intelligence, a certain personality, and a certain moral character— well, then you’d better prove that you have a healthy dose of them. It simply wouldn’t do to look or feel deficient in these most basic characteristics.


Continue to read this article by clicking HERE.  



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Topics: BSMPG Summer Seminar

Learning To Lead

Posted by Boston Sports Medicine and Performance Group on Mon, Mar 9, 2015 @ 07:03 AM

Salman Khan

This article origianlly appeared on


Salman Khan became famous for teaching. Now he’s in a different role: Learner.

His Khan Academy is a free online education platform founded in 2006. Its 15 million registered users complete four million math problems per day.

But lately he’s facing a challenge unrelated to long division or polynomials. Khan Academy now counts 80 employees, and its boss has to figure out how to lead a growing organization.

“I’m not an expert manager,” admits the 38-year-old visionary, whose mission is to educate the world for free.

Although he’s achieved great individual success in his short career, Khan knows his organization won’t succeed on vision alone. So recently he’s begun meeting with his top people to develop a leadership and management strategy. “We’re this organization that’s all about learning,” he says. “But I find myself at a spot where it’s like, wow, there’s this whole thing called management. There’s a whole art to it. We’re asking ‘What does management training at Khan Academy mean?’ ”

Rest assured it won’t mean creating a traditional corporate learning culture. The Khan Academy is about blowing up traditional models. His learning platform gives teachers a completely new way to teach children math, science and other subjects. His challenge now is to figure out a better way to teach his adult leadership team how to motivate, delegate, set goals, monitor performance, hold people accountable, and so on.

The one thing he knows is that the manager is “the most powerful teaching role in an organization” and that managers will be at the center of his learning culture. “It’s an 18th or 19th century phenomenon to say the role of a manager is to get someone to do work,” he explains. “That’s wrong. The role of a modern manager is, ‘How do I develop my people?’ ”

Interesting story: When Khan worked as a senior analyst at a hedge fund before founding Khan Academy, the firm hired some junior analysts. “They were from top Ivy League schools with 4.0 GPAs in economics,” he recalls. “But they didn’t understand the basics of reading a financial statement.”

So Khan, being Khan, created a series of micro lectures on video. One day his boss noticed and Khan’s first reaction was to apologize. That time spent teaching, after all, was time not spent getting stuff done. “But my boss said, ‘No, this is great. I haven’t seen this happening at a hedge fund before.’ “

Khan’s evangelism about putting the manager at the center of organizational learning is anchored in a driving principle that spawned the Khan Academy and sustains it today: People don’t all learn at the same pace.

Which means what Khan calls “the Prussian model” for teaching kids never really worked, and neither does the classroom-style “sage-on-the-stage” model that currently dominates corporate training.

It never made sense to Khan that the kid who’d already figured out long division had to listen to the same math lecture as the kid who was totally lost. The key to successful education is to coach that lost kid, fill in his “gaps,” and get him to achieve mastery of long division before letting him move on to the next thing.

Khan proved this model back in 2004 when he created his first video tutorials for his niece, a seventh-grader who’d been excluded from the advanced math track. She was a thousand miles away, so Khan filled her gaps with short video tutorials. She got into advanced math. And the model for the Khan Academy was born.

Today Khan Academy has half a million registered teachers. Many of them are “filling gaps” in schools using his bite-size learning method. There’s no question he’s changing the way education works.

But Khan laments that today most companies “have formal training programs that mirror traditional academic models,” and they’re making the same mistakes schools did. “There are two things that are even more true about the workplace than the classroom,” he says. “The first is that the differences between people’s gaps in understanding are more diverse. The second is that there is even more need for people to learn asynchronously.”

It’s true that a given workplace team will have wildly varied backgrounds and lack a shared knowledge base to build on. The “gaps” will be huge. While it’s efficient to gather the team for a “synchronous” classroom-style training event where they all learn together, Khan is saying that in the workplace it’s likely to be ineffective. Even more ineffective than it is in schools.

The only alternative to that model is the manager/teacher role. Managers need to assess the gaps of the people they oversee, then coach them at their own pace and help them achieve mastery of skills.

That takes time and effort. And most managers, even those who really want to develop people, will struggle to get it done. So I asked Khan, given the time constraints , and the mindset of most managers, what leaders can do to create a learning culture with the manager/teacher at its center. He suggested three strategies:

Strategy #1: Motivate managers by linking talent development to their compensation. Khan believes most managers aren’t motivated to develop people. And that senior executives, who “have all the levers at their disposal” to incentivize managers, are missing a huge opportunity.

“The main lever is how people are compensated,” Khan says. “Management can make the rubric for how managers are rewarded and promoted. And part of that rubric is, you go to our corporate intranet and you achieve mastery of certain skills, and if you do that you get rewarded.”

The idea of measuring training behavior rather than training results doesn’t sit well with traditional learning professionals. But as I pointed out in a previous article, demonstrating a “training ROI” is often impossible because there are so many variables. More and more companies, including GE, have recognized the futility of correlating soft-skills training to business results. Instead, they’re measuring the behaviors that should logically lead to better results. Engaging in training activity is one such behavior, and it’s relatively easy to measure.

Continue to read this article by clicking HERE.  


Learn to Lead with BSMPG at the CATAPULT Performance Directors Meeting

May 17, 2015 - Fenway Park

Performance Directors Meeting



Topics: BSMPG Summer Seminar

Recovery Techniques for Athletes

Posted by Boston Sports Medicine and Performance Group on Thu, Feb 26, 2015 @ 09:02 AM




Article orginally published on


High performance sport and the importance of successful performances have led athletes and coaches to continually seek any advantage or edge that may improve performance. It follows that the rate and quality of recovery is extremely important for the high performance athlete and that optimal recovery may provide numerous benefits during repetitive high-level training and competition. Therefore, investigating different recovery interventions and their effect on fatigue, muscle injury, recovery and performance is important.


Recovery aims to restore physiological and psychological processes, so that the athlete can compete or train again at an appropriate level. Recovery from training and competition is complex and involves numerous factors. It is also typically dependent on the nature of the exercise performed and any other outside stressors that the athlete may be exposed to. Athletic performance is affected by numerous factors and therefore, adequate recovery should also consider such factors (Table 1).



There are a number of popular methods used by athletes to enhance recovery. Their use will depend on the type of activity performed, the time until the next training session or event, and equipment and/or personnel available. Some of the most popular recovery techniques for athletes include:

  • hydrotherapy,
  • active recovery,
  • stretching,
  • compression garments,
  • massage,
  • sleep and
  • nutrition.




Although the function of sleep is not fully understood, it is generally accepted that it serves to recover from previous wakefulness and/or prepare for functioning in the subsequent wake period.  An individual’s recent sleep history therefore has a marked impact on their daytime functioning. Restricting sleep to less than 6 hours per night for four or more consecutive nights has been shown to impair cognitive performance and mood, disturb glucose metabolism, appetite regulation and immune function.  This type of evidence has led to the recommendation that adults should obtain 8 hours of sleep per night.


While there are considerable data available related to the amount of sleep obtained by adults in the general population, there are few published data related to the amount of sleep obtained by elite athletes. 


Sleep deprivation

There are a limited number of studies which have examined the effects of sleep deprivation on athletic performance.  From the available data it appears that several phenomena exist.  Firstly, the sleep deprivation must be greater than 30 hours (one complete night of no sleep and remaining awake into the afternoon) to have an impact on anaerobic performance (Skein et al., 2011). Secondly, aerobic performance may be decreased after only 24 hours (Oliver et al, 2009) and thirdly, sustained or repeated bouts of exercise are affected to a greater degree than one-off maximal efforts.


The mechanism behind the reduced performance following prolonged sustained sleep deprivation is not clear, however it has been suggested that an increased perception of effort is one potential cause. While the above studies provide some insight into the relationship between sleep deprivation and performance, most athletes are more likely to experience acute bouts of partial sleep deprivation where sleep is reduced for several hours on consecutive nights.


Partial sleep deprivation

Only a small number of studies have examined the effect of partial sleep deprivation on athletic performance.  From the available research it appears that sub-maximal prolonged tasks may be more affected than maximal efforts particularly after the first two nights of partial sleep deprivation (Reilly et al, 1994).


Effects of sleep extension and napping

Another means of examining the effect of sleep on performance is to extend the amount of sleep an athlete receives and determine the effects on subsequent performance. Information from the small number of studies suggests that increasing the amount of sleep an athlete receives may significantly enhance performance.


Athletes suffering from some degree of sleep loss may benefit from a brief nap, particularly if a training session is to be completed in the afternoon or evening.  Naps can markedly reduce sleepiness and can be beneficial when learning skills, strategy or tactics in sleep deprived individuals. Napping may be beneficial for athletes who have to routinely wake early for training or competition and for athletes who are experiencing sleep deprivation.


Habitual sleep duration

According to a 2005 Gallup Poll in the USA, the average self-reported sleep duration of healthy individuals is 6.8 hours on weekdays and 7.4 hours on weekends (National Sleep Foundation, 2006). However, the sleep habits of elite athletes have only recently been investigated. Leeder et al (2012) compared the sleep habits of 47 elite athletes from Olympic sports using actigraphy over a 4-day period to that of age and gender-matched non-sporting controls. The athlete group had a total time in bed of 8:36 hour:minutes, compared to 8:07 in the control group. Despite the longer time in bed, the athlete group had a longer sleep latency (time to fall asleep) (18.2 minutes vs 5.0 minutes), a lower sleep efficiency (estimate of sleep quality) than controls (80.6 vs 88.7%), resulting in a similar time asleep (6:55 vs 7:11 hour:minutes). The results demonstrated that while athletes had a comparable quantity of sleep to controls, significant differences were observed in the quality of sleep between the two groups (Leeder et al, 2012).


While the above data was obtained during a period of normal training without competition, athletes may experience disturbed sleep prior to important competition or games. Erlacher et al. (2011) administered a questionnaire to 632 German athletes to assess possible sleep disturbances prior to competition. Of these athletes, 66% (416) reported that they slept worse than normal at least once prior to an important competition. Of these 416 athletes, 80% reported problems falling asleep, 43% reported waking up early in the morning and 32% reported waking up at night. Factors such as thoughts about competition (77%), nervousness about competition (60%), unusual surroundings (29%) and noise in the room (17%) were identified as reasons for poor sleep (Erlacher et al, 2011).


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Topics: Charlie Weingroff, Eric Oetter, BSMPG Summer Seminar, Derek Hansen, Al Smith, Erik Helland

BSMPG 2015 - Agenda Announced!

Posted by Boston Sports Medicine and Performance Group on Mon, Feb 9, 2015 @ 07:02 AM

Attention all BSMPGer's - Only three weeks remain until our early bird pricing runs out for our 2015 Summer Seminar!

This year's event features Dr. Stress himself, Robert Sapolsky as well as Al Smith and Vincent Walsh from the UK.  Join the leaders in Sports Medicine and Performance training for this two day event.  Sign up today to avoid disappointment - this event is sure to sell out!


BSMPG day 1




Register TODAY for the 2015 BSMPG Summer Seminar before seats fill up.


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Topics: Charlie Weingroff, BSMPG Summer Seminar, Al Smith, Andy O'Brien

February means BSMPG registration and hotel booking

Posted by Boston Sports Medicine and Performance Group on Mon, Feb 2, 2015 @ 08:02 AM

The giants in Sports Medicine & Human Performance return to Boston May 15 and 16, 2015.



BSMPG 2015


Listen, Boston is a popular place in May - graduations, family reunions, Red Sox games and of course your own BSMPG Summer Seminar. Be sure to find a Boston friend to crash with or book your hotel room today (worse case scenario you can always cancel your room if you find a friend last minute right?). 

Book your HOTEL today.  


"BSMPG is a great seminar to attend. It is a smaller conference filled with intelligence and passion that creates a strong atmosphere for people to learn, network and grow. Thanks for a great weekend BSMPG!"


LeeAnne Ketchen MS, ATC


"This was my first BSMPG meeting. After hearing about it for a number of years from colleagues regarding the quality of topics, and the quality of the organization, I can tell you Boston will now be an annual visit on my conference calendar!"


Lorne Goldenberg BPE, CSCS


"The presenters at BSMPG had such a dominant grasp of the content they were presenting, it created an electric learning environment even for some of the most successful strength coaches, therapists and trainers out there. This was the best continuing education experience I have ever had."


-Sam Sturgis


Register TODAY for the 2015 BSMPG Summer Seminar before seats fill up.


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Registration is now OPEN!

Posted by Boston Sports Medicine and Performance Group on Mon, Dec 1, 2014 @ 08:12 AM


Registration for the 2015 BSMPG Summer Seminar is now OPEN!



Hear world stress expert Dr. Robert Sapolsky and other international thought leaders including PRI's James Anderson, England's Al Smith, Brain Researcher Vincent Walsh and the Canadian Senior Men's Basketball Performance staff including Sam Gibbs, Charlie Weingroff and Roman Fomin at the 2015 BSMPG Summer Seminar.

Other sports medicine/rehabilitation and performance speakers include: Mike Davis, Alan Gruver, Eric Oetter, Sam Coad, and Jay DeMayo.  Additional speakers to be added in the coming weeks!

Date: May 15-16, 2015.

Location: Boston, MA



SAPOLSKY  why zebras dont get ulcers big



Professor of Biological Sciences, Neurology, Neurological Sciences, and Neurosurgery, Stanford University


Keynote Address: Why Zebras Don't Get Ulcers: Stress, Disease and Coping

A lecture on stress and where stress-related diseases come from.  It is based on Dr. Sapolsky's book by the same title.  

Robert Sapolsky is one of the world's leading neuroscientists, and has been called "one of the finest natural history writers around" by The New York Times. In studying wild baboon populations, Sapolsky examined how prolonged stress can cause physical and mental afflictions. His lab was among the first to document that stress can damage the neurons of the hippocampus. Sapolsky has shown, in both human and baboon societies, that low social status is a major contributor to stress and stress-related illness. He boils down the contemporary human's relationship with stress as follows: "We are not getting our ulcers being chased by Saber-tooth tigers, we're inventing our social stressors—and if some baboons are good at dealing with this, we should be able to as well. Insofar as we're smart enough to have invented this stuff and stupid enough to fall for it, we have the potential to be wise enough to keep [these stressors] inperspective." Sapolsky's study of stress in non-human primates has offered fascinating insight into how human beings relate to this universal pressure.



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BSMPG Summer Seminar - Save The Date

Posted by Boston Sports Medicine and Performance Group on Tue, Nov 4, 2014 @ 08:11 AM

Registration Opens Jan 1, 2015

Additional speakers to be announced shortly - Trust us when we tell you that this year will blow your socks off!


Check out our Performance Directors Meeting following our annual seminar - Sunday May 17th at FENWAY PARK!


Topics: Charlie Weingroff, Robert Sapolsky, BSMPG Summer Seminar, Al Smith